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Q. Will tax reform limit my business interest expense in 2018?
Possibly. If your average gross receipts for the past three years are $25 million or more, business interest expense may be limited for tax years 2018 through 2022. The gross receipts test must include all related businesses, so taxpayers cannot avoid the limit by setting up separate businesses. Fortunately, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) does not impose this limit on businesses with less than $25 million in gross receipts.
An interest expense deduction is limited to the sum of (1) 30 percent of adjusted taxable income (roughly EBITDA), (2) business interest income and (3) floor plan financing interest. The excess is not deductible in the current year and carried forward indefinitely. A calculation starts with net taxable income or loss, and adds back depreciation, amortization, taxes and interest expense. Consider this example:
Certain businesses in the real estate and farming industries may choose to make an election to not limit their interest expense, which is irrevocable and applies to all future years. If an election is made, the alternative depreciation system must be used, meaning no bonus or Section 179 depreciation. It’s important to consider the impact on future years before making this election.
For more information relating to the potential limitation on business interest expense, contact our tax advisors today.
This publication is distributed for informational purposes only, with the understanding that Doeren Mayhew is not rendering legal, accounting, or other professional opinions on specific facts for matters, and, accordingly, assumes no liability whatsoever in connection with its use. Should the reader have any questions regarding any of the news articles, it is recommended that a Doeren Mayhew representative be contacted.
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