If youâ€™re self-employed and donâ€™t have withholding from paychecks, you probably have to make estimated tax payments. These payments must be sent to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) on a quarterly basis. The third 2019 estimated tax payment deadline for individuals is Monday, Sept. 16. Even if you do have some withholding from paychecks or payments you receive, you may still have to make estimated payments if you receive other types of income such as Social Security, prizes, rent, interest and dividends.
You must make sufficient federal income tax payments long before the April filing deadline through withholding, estimated tax payments or a combination of the two. If you fail to make the required payments, you may be subject to an underpayment penalty, as well as interest.
In general, you must make estimated tax payments for 2019 if both of these statements apply:
If youâ€™re a sole proprietor, partner or S corporation shareholder, you generally have to make estimated tax payments if you expect to owe $1,000 or more in tax when you file your return.
Estimated tax payments are spread out through the year. The due dates are Apr. 15, June 15, Sept. 15 and Jan. 15 of the following year. However, if the date falls on a weekend or holiday, the deadline is the next business day (which is why the third deadline is Sept. 16 this year).
Estimated tax is calculated by factoring in expected gross income, taxable income, deductions and credits for the year. The easiest way to pay estimated tax is electronically through the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System. You can also pay estimated tax by check or money order using the Estimated Tax Payment Voucher or by credit or debit card.
Most individuals make estimated tax payments in four installments. In other words, you can determine the required annual payment, divide the number by four and make four equal payments by the due dates. But you may be able to make smaller payments under an â€śannualized income method.â€ť This can be useful to people whose income isnâ€™t uniform over the year, perhaps because of a seasonal business. For example, letâ€™s say your income comes exclusively from a business you operate in a beach town during June, July and August. In this case, with the annualized income method, no estimated payment would be required before the usual Sept. 15 deadline. You may also want to use the annualized income method if a large portion of your income comes from capital gains on the sale of securities that you sell at various times during the year.
Contact Doeren Mayhewâ€™s tax advisors if you think you may be eligible to determine your estimated tax payments under the annualized income method, or you have any other questions about how the estimated tax rules apply to you.
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